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Burnt City in Focus of South Asian Archeology Conference


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#1 Nick

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Posted 05 October 2007 - 07:13 AM

Burnt City in Focus of South Asian Archeology Conference

Tehran, 1 July 2007 (CHN Foreign Desk) -- During the 19th session of the international conference of South Asian Archeology which will be started on 6th of July in University of Ravenna, the archeological achievements of Burnt City historic site located in Iranian southeastern province of Sistan va Baluchestan will be discussed.

This international conference holds every two years in one of European cities. London was the host of the first as well as the last sessions of this international event which was held for the last time in 2005. Due to its unique archeological characteristics, Burnt City is always one of the top agendas in these sessions. This year Burnt City will be one of the main focuses in the conference and a whole day will be allocated to this historic site during which a series of lectures will be delivered in this regard.

Announcing this news, Dr. Mansour Sajjadi, archeologists and head of excavation team in Burnt City told CHN: “During this day, Iranian archeologists including Ruhollah Shirazi, Mohammad Zaruri, Farzad Foruzanfar, and I, along with Italian archeologists including Michele Casanova, Loredana Costantini-Biasini, Lorenda Mugavero, Mateo Delledonne, Lorenzo Constantini, and Kristi Lorentz will give lectures about the Burnt City.”

According to Sajjadi, the marble stones found in Burnt City, luxury artifacts and earthen works unearthed in this historic site, restoration of the Burnt City’s architecture based on archeological evidence, introducing the 4800-year-old artificial eyeball discovered in December 2006 in Burnt City, as well as anthropological issues of this ancient site will be topics, each of them will be discussed in detail by archeologists. Discoveries about burial gifts unearthed in Burnt City’s cemetery, the diet of the people of this historic city will be also the other topics of this conference.

Discovery of a large number of outstanding historical relics such as the first backgammon, the first animation of the world, and the first artificial eyeball, etc, as well as many other historical evidence in this prehistoric site has made Burnt City unique not only in Iran and the Middle East but also in the whole world.

Prior to this in the exhibition of Beauties of Iran, Five Millennia of History which inaugurated on 21st of May in Rome’s Oriental Arts Museum, Dr Sajjadi delivered a speech on the latest achievements of the discovered artificial eyeball in Burnt City during which he explained about the details of this unique discovery which according to archeologists is one of the magic of the ancient world.

Ten seasons of archeological excavations have been conducted so far at the Burnt City, which is located 57 kilometers from the city of Zabol in Iran’s Sistan va Baluchestan province. Covering an area of 150 hectares, Burnt City is the largest prehistoric site in Iran and was one of the largest cities in the world. It was built around 3200 BC and was destroyed sometime around 2100 BC. The city experience four stages of civilization and was burnt down three times, which is why it was named Burnt City.

Excavations on the Burnt City were initiated in 1967 when Professor Maurizzio Tosi, Italian archeologist and his colleagues joined Iranian archeologists. Later, in 1988-89, excavations were resumed by Dr. Sajjadi under the auspices of Iran’s Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization. The outcome of the research has been published in 170 books and papers so far in Persian, English, Italian, Japanese, German and Spanish languages.

http://www.chnpress....ction=2&id=7199

The burned city was founded in some time ago it wasn't until 2004 and by 2005 it was all over the place. The old city named burned city is located right in AFG/Iran border, yes its in Sistan, which used to part of Afghanistan. Inshallah someday we well take it back.

But this news is important to Afghanistan since the Sistan civilization is directly Afghan in origin since the civilization has fallen more on Afghan side than the Iranian side but since this is from Soudabeh Sadigh an Iranian, they always try to steal Afghan history.


Ten Ancient Villages Discovered Around Burnt City



Tehran, May 18 (CHN) – New studies on ten 5000-year-old hills of the archaeological site of the Burnt City, in the southern province of Sistan-Baluchistan has led to the discovery of ten ancient villages which are of great importance in gaining an understanding of life back then.

Experts believe that a large city existed in the area some 5000 years ago, housing and attracting a great population there, some of whom formed several villages around the Burnt City.

Last year the archaeology team working on the site identified some 100 hills which are planned to be registered as part of Iran’s National Heritage.

The recently discovered ten hills are located south east of the main hills of the Burnt City between the city and the Iran-Afghanistan border and are site to ten historical villages.

Great information on life in the area is hoped to be revealed by studies on these ten hills and according to director of the research center of the Burnt City, Alireza Khosravi, the hills are planned to be registered on Iran’s List of National Heritage.

Experts believe that some 500 historical hills exist around the Burnt City which is 150 hectares and has had a 5000-strong population, which was great for its own time. For more than eight years now archaeologists have been carrying out non-stop excavations and studies on the site.



5000-year-old Twin Grave Discovered in Burnt City

Tehran, 15 December 2005 (CHN) -- For the first time, a grave in which two twins were buried was unearthed during archaeological excavations in the historical site of Burnt City.

Burnt City historical site, situated in Sistan va Baluchistan province in southeast of Iran, is one of the most important pre-historic sites of the country. Eight seasons of archaeological excavations in the site indicate that Burnt City was an important center of civilization and trade some 5000 years ago. Burnt City is regarded as a crucial historical site in the eastern Iranian plateau.

“During the latest excavations in this historical site, we were able to unearth several historical graves and to discover the skeleton remains of infant twins who were buried alongside each other,” said Farzad Forouzanfar, an anthropologist of the Archeological Research Center of Iran.

“The evidence indicates that most probably the two infants were twins. Since the infants are still in a foetal position, they must have been immature babies, died before their birth,” added Forouzanfar.

The twins are buried in a joint grave, and their sexuality is not clear yet. According to Forouzanfar, this is the first time the archaeologists have faced such a case.

Archeologists are determined to carry out excavations in a 1000 square meter area of the central part of the cemetery in this historical site during the 9th season of excavations in Burnt City.

Eight seasons of excavations in the historical site of Burnt City resulted in findings of more than 500 historical graves, which had never happened before in any of the historical sites of Iran.


Irano-Afghan Team Studying Hirmand Civilization


A view of Burnt City in Zabol, Sistan-Baluchestan province

TEHRAN, Aug. 28--A joint Iranian-Afghan archeological research project called ’Zabol to Kabul’ entered a new phase following a visit by the chancellor of Afghanistan’s Qandahar University, Qamaruddin Seifi to the southeastern Iranian province of Sistan-Baluchestan.
The project, called ’Zabol to Kabul’ is aimed at finding out the boundaries of Hirmand civilization and gain more information about the mounds surrounding Shahr-e Sukhtah (Burnt City).
During Seifi’s visit, the prerequisites for forming a joint team of Afghan and Iranian archeologists to study the ancient route linking Zabol to Kabul will be reviewed.
Director of Archeological Base in Shahr-e Sukhtah, Alireza Khosravi, told CHN that studies on the civilization of Burnt City, which has an antiquity of 5,000 years, necessitates cooperation between Iranian and Afghan archeologists to find out more about the ancient city.
Shahr-e Sukhtah flourished in the Hirmand civilization region which is one of the most significant archeological regions in the east of the Iranian Plateau.
Archeological excavations in this region, especially in Burnt City have revealed that the Hirmand region was indeed the cradle of many civilizations and even some agricultural products such as grape had been to this region from other parts of eastern Iranian Plateau.



Number of Burnt City’s Satellite Villages Rising to 166

Continuation of archeological excavations in the vicinity of the 5000-year-old historical site of Burnt City resulted in discovery of more satellite villages, raising the number to 166.
Tehran, 31 July 2006 (CHN Foreign Desk) -- By discovery of another 29 historical hills in the vicinity of the Burnt City, the number of satellite villages in this 5000-year old historical city reached to 166. This is while until 30 years ago and during the archeological excavations by the Italian team, only 40 satellite villages had been identified. Currently, archeologists have reached to the borders of Iran and Afghanistan and they are anticipating the possible discovery of more satellite villages in the perimeters of Afghanistan.



“Despite the scorching hot weather which got to 50 degrees Celsius sometimes, we continued the excavations to the border of Iran and Afghanistan and succeeded in identifying 29 more historical hills and satellite villages in the vicinity of the Burnt City. The trend of excavations shows a remarkable speed. Almost 10 historical hills and areas were discovered and announced every week to be registered in the list of provincial council,” said Alireza Khosravi, head of the Cultural Heritage and Tourism Office of the Burnt City.



Prior to this, 137 archeological hills had been discovered in the vicinity of this historical city by the excavation team of Burnt City. Archeologists believe that these discovered hills should have been villages which were inhabited by people during the ancient times.



Khosravi believes that as it was predicted before, the recent discoveries show that the extent of the Burnt City went beyond Iran’s borders and the traces of which can be found in Afghanistan if the excavations continue.



The recent discovered areas are located at 6 to 8 kilometers of the Burnt City and the discovered clays and other cultural objects show a similarity with those which had previously been found in this historic site.



Located 57 kilometers from Zabol in Sistan va Baluchestan province, the Burnt City covers an area of 180 hectares and was one of the world’s largest cities in the third millennium BC. It was built in 3200 BC and flourished until it was destroyed nearly eleven centuries later, around 2100 BC. Historical evidence shows that the city experienced four stages of civilization and was burnt down three times, which is why it is called “the Burnt City”. Archeologists are now certain that the inhabitants of the ancient city were highly skilled in textile-weaving, painting on dishes, and stonecutting, and also enjoyed a varied diet. The images of a goat on an earthen goblet which portray the goat jumping toward a tree and eating its leaves in different positions found in Burnt City is known to be the first animation design in the world.



Still the fate of the inhabitants of the Burnt City and whether they migrated elsewhere or somehow mysteriously died in this city have remained unanswered to this date.



“Some of the discovered areas during these excavations belong to the time after the destruction of the Burnt City. Probably the inhabitants of the Burnt City migrated to these places after their city could no longer be inhabited,” said Khosravi.



Archeological evidence revealed that Burnt City was an important center of civilization and trade some 5000 years ago. Situated in the heart of Iran’s eastern desert, Burnt City is regarded as a crucial historical site in the eastern Iranian Plateau. The remnants of the ancient city which have been studied so far during 9 seasons of archeological excavations include a graveyard, a residential area, a central downtown, and an industrial area in addition to a large number of historical artifacts such as a very old backgammon which is believed to be the most ancient one of its kind in the world.


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